It might be hard to imagine a world without pet food, but
believe it or not, it’s a relatively modern concept. Let’s take a trip back in
time and learn about the history of dog food, from the 1800s until today.
Up until the mid-1800s:
Before we started to consider dogs as members of our family,
they were primarily used as working animals. When not working, they lived
outside and survived off of a diet of table scraps such as potatoes, cabbage,
and bread crusts. In short, whatever wasn’t eaten by the family would be fed to
the dogs. At this point in the history of dog food, the nutritional content or
quality of ingredients of our pet’s meals was not a primary concern.
Our relationship with dogs started to change in the mid-1800s
during the Industrial Revolution. With the advent of the middle class, families
were able to afford to keep dogs as pets which marked the transition of dogs
becoming companion animals rather than just working animals.
1860: The first
commercial pet food is produced
Now that dogs were being brought into the family home as pets,
there was a growing demand for dog-specific food. This inspired England-based
businessman James Spratt to create the first commercial dog food, a wheat-based
biscuit he called the “Patented Meat Fibrine Dog Cake”.
1890: Commercial pet
food comes to the USA
Production of Spratt’s Dog Cakes may have started in England,
but it wasn’t long before they were acquired and operations were expanded to
the United States. Over the next 30 years, other companies began to develop
their own lines of dog food as demand continued to grow.
1922: Canned dog food
By the 1920s, there were a number of brands of kibble available
for pet owners to choose from, but it wasn’t until 1922 that a wet canned
recipe was available. Known as “Ken-L Ration”, the main ingredient of this wet
food was horsemeat, which was a common ingredient at the time.
Early 1960s: First
puppy food is produced
By the 1960s, dog-specific food had a strong place in the
market, with families preferring it over feeding scraps to their dogs. However,
it wasn’t until the early 1960s that pet owners were offered food designed
specifically for puppies. This marked a shift in the history of dog food, as both
businesses and consumers were becoming more aware of the importance of
nutrition tailored to the life stage of a dog.
requirements for pets are created
Having puppy-specific food on the market was a big step in the
history of dog food, but an even bigger one came in the mid-1980 when the
United States National Academy of Sciences’ National Research Council published
nutritional requirements for dogs and cats. This publication provided pet food
producers with nutrient recommendations based on physical activity and stage in
life, both of which we now know are major factors that influence nutrient
requirements are updated and Freshpet is created
In 2006, the original nutrition requirements were updated to better
reflect the improved understanding of animal nutrition. Coincidentally, this
was the same year that Freshpet was created! In October 2006, we set out on a
mission to revolutionize the way pets are fed, shifting from shelf-stable
kibble to recipes made from fresh, natural ingredients.
2006 – today: More
variety than ever before
When Freshpet first appeared in fridges at local pet stores, our
recipes were only available in rolls. Over time, however, we expanded to offer
different formats including ready-to-serve bagged meals and patties to suit a
wider range of preferences. We also started to adapt our recipes to suit the
different needs by introducing recipes specifically for small breeds, puppies,
skin and digestive issues, as well as a fully planted-based line.
Today, we’re proud to offer several lines of products directly
from our Freshpet kitchens:
The history of dog food may not be very long, but it certainly
has been eventful. Pet parents have more choices than ever before – especially
when it comes to Freshpet – and we, for one, can’t wait to see what’s in store
for the future of dog food!